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Court Orders CBN To Pay N2.8bn To 313 Reinstated Staff Of Federal Urban Mass Transit

After over 16 years of grueling litigation, the National Industrial Court has ordered the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) to pay the sum of N2.8 billion to the 313 reinstated staff of the Federal Urban Mass Transit Agency whose appointment was illegally and unlawfully terminated.

The order was made by Justice E. N Agbakoba in her judgment in a garnishee proceedings marked NICN/ABJ/228M/2022 brought by the judgment creditors whose appointments were unlawfully terminated by the judgment debtors listed as the President and Commander-in-Chief, Federal Republic of Nigeria; Head of Service of the Federation; Minister, Federal Ministry of Transportation and Federal Urban Mass Transit Agency. The judgment debtors/applicants were all staff of the defunct Federal Urban Mass Transit Agency, a parastatal under the Federal Ministry of Transport, whose employment was in accordance with the Federal Civil Service Rules.

However, the Federal Executive Council (FEC) under the chairmanship of the President and Commander-in-Chief, Federal Republic of Nigeria, decided to wind up the Federal Urban Mass Transit Agency.

Consequently, sometimes on November 13, 2004, they were issued letters of retirement from service and that the letters were backdated to August 31, 2004.

However, in a suit marked NICN/ABJ/324/2013, filed by Julius Komgbenda and 313 others, they challenged the purported retirement describing it as illegal and unlawful as it did not comply with the provisions of the 1999 Constitution or the Public Service Rules 2008.

They averred that under the Civil Service Rules under which they were employed, they had not attained the statutory age of 60 and as such, they were entitled to be transferred and or be seconded to other government Ministeries, agencies or parastatals. That they were not given formal notice or paid any allowances in lieu of notice as at the time of retirement.

In her judgment delivered on December 16, 2020, Justice Agbakoba held that “from the letters of employment, offer of appointment; tendered, the explicit words used therein and evidence of DW1 all buttress the fact and establish to the satisfaction of court together with the documents tendered by the claimant, that the claimants are statutory employed.

Accordingly, Justice Agbakoba made an order declaring the purported retirement of the claimants as untimely, unlawful, null and void and of no effect as it did not comply with the provisions of the 1999 Constitution or the Public Service Rules 2008.

In addition, she granted an order reinstating the claimants to their offices and positions to all prequisites.

An order of this court to the effect that all salaries/wages due to the claimants before and during the commencement of this suit should be paid to them accordingly until their employment are properly and legally determined or by retirement.

However, three years after the above judgment, the listed judgment debtors refused to comply with the judgment necessitating the judgment creditors to commenced a garnishee proceedings against them in suit No NICN/ABJ/228M/2022.

Listed in the suit as Garnishees/respondents were Access Bank, Central Bank of Nigeria(CBN) and 15 orthers.

On June 14, 2023, the court entered judgment in favour of the judgment creditors as follows: “ The order of garnishee nisi made on October 18, 2022 against the 2nd garnishee (CBN) is herein and hereby made absolute, the garnishee is hereby ordered to pay the judgment sum of N2, 800, 000, 000.00 being the judgment debt from the 2nd garnishee to the judgment creditor or so much thereof that will satisfy the judgment of this court delivered on 16th December 2020 in favour of the judgment creditor which sum has not been satisfied.

Justice Agabakoba held that: “in this suit the judgement debtors, in fact all four judgment debtor filed frivolous processes arguing law and raising spurious academic submissions on issues that had long been settled in the law. I do not consider that the position taken by the judgment debtors in this suit can be described to be of a limited circumstance as recommended by the apex court. I find that the motions of the 1st -4th judgment debtors lack merit and are hereby dismissed with a cost of N500, 000.00 each.

It is not the business of a Garnishee to undertake to poay the role of an advocate for a judgment debtor by trying to shield and protect the money of the judgment debtor. Of course, by playing games of hide and seek with the court, by failing or refusing to depose to affidavit to show cause, disclosing the true account status of the judgment debtor, the garnishee only exposes itself to trouble, daring the court to do its worst!,

It can therefore be made to pay the debt of the judgment debtor, if the court has cause to believe that the failure or refusal to show cause is a deliberate attempt to evade a legal duty under the law, to disclose the true state of account of the judgment debtor in its custody.

In the circumstances, it needs to be emphasized that it is not the duty of a garnishee to defend debt sought to be enforced against the judgment debtor. The duty of a garnishee upon receipt of Garnishee order nisi is to file before the relevant court an affidavit to show cause why the judgment debtor’s money in his custody should not be attached to satisfy the judgment debt.

It then behoves a garnishee to present the true state of affairs regarding the monies before the court. Either there is no or insufficient fund in his custody or that the available fund is under lien or assigned to a third party in which case the court instead of proceeding to make an order for Garnishee absolute may order that any issue or question necessary for determining his liability be tried or determined.

In this situation before the court, the law is clear that the failure or refusal of the Garnishee to show cause is implied admission of the claim of the judgment creditor/ applicant, that the garnishee holds the judgment debtor’s money sufficient to satisfy the judgment debt. I so hold accordingly.

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